today, i'm going to attend infertility simposium in my city. So, i want to post a topic about infertility prevention, hehe, yup i just want to be prepared for the simposium.hope it's helpful.
As we know, most types of infertility cannot be prevented. Here are some facts from CDC (Centre for Disease Control)
- Smoking has been linked to low sperm counts and sluggish sperm movement in men, and an increase in miscarriage in women.
- Alcohol (especially binge drinking or chronic abuse), affects the fertility of both men and women trying to conceive either naturally or through infertility treatments. Alcohol is toxic to sperm; it reduces sperm counts, can interfere with sexual performance, disrupt hormone balances and increase the risk of miscarriage.
- Other useful methods include meditation, relaxation, moderate physical activity and yoga.
- A well-balanced diet includes carbohydrates, protein and fibre. All women should increase folic acid intake (found in green leafy vegetables, fruit, cereals, but also available as supplements) prior to and during the first three months of pregnancy, to reduce the risk of neural tube defects such as spina bifida. Women trying to get pregnant may want to limit caffeine intake to no more than 250 milligrams of caffeine a day (one or two cups of coffee).
- Excessive excersise can lead to menstrual disorders in women and affect sperm production in men due to the heat build-up around the testicles.
- Avoid environmental poisons and hazards such as pesticides, lead, heavy metals, toxic chemicals, and ionising radiation. Check with your doctor that any medication or herbal remedies (prescribed or over-the-counter) that you may be taking do not affect fertility. Give up recreational drugs such as marijuana and cocaine as these have been linked to low sperm counts in men and infertility in women.
- Limit sex partners and use condoms to reduce the risk of getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). STDs that go undetected and untreated can damage the reproductive system and cause infertility. If you think you may have an STD, get treatment promptly to reduce the risk of damage to your reproductive system.
- Maintain a body weight close to the ideal for your height to reduce the possibility of hormone imbalances. Being overweight or underweight can affect your hormone production and cause infertility.